What are Varicose veins?
Varicose veins appear when tiny veins or capillaries close to the skin’s surface get large enough to be visible. As these blue and purple veins appear, they spread in a shape resembling tree branches .
You can develop Varicose veins anywhere, but they commonly occur on the legs and face, in areas where they’re highly visible.
What causes Varicose veins?
Varicose veins develop due to damaged valves. All veins contain valves that keep blood flowing toward your heart. When a valve fails, the blood flows backward or refluxes until it reaches the next healthy valve in the vein.
The refluxing blood starts to build-up in the tiny vein, making it get large enough to become visible. The accumulating blood weakens the vein wall and pushes against the healthy valve, ultimately making that valve fail. As more valves fail, your varicose veins slowly keep spreading.
What increases my risk of developing varicose veins?
You’re more likely to develop varicose veins if:
- You’re getting older
- You have a family history of spider veins
- You suffered a direct injury
- You’re overweight
- You sit or stand for long stretches of time
- You were recently pregnant
Many women develop spider or varicose veins during pregnancy due to pressure from the baby’s weight and changes in hormone levels that weaken vein walls.
What symptoms develop if I have varicose veins?
Varicose veins are primarily a cosmetic problem. However, they can cause itchiness, and they may be a sign of problems in other veins.
How are varicose veins treated?
Venaseal or Varithena is currently the gold standard of treatment for varicose veins. During Venaseal or Varithena at Advanced Heart & Vascular Associates, Dr. Chadda uses a small needle to inject a medication into the veins.
The medication, called a sclerosing agent, makes the vein walls collapse. After the treated veins close, your body slowly reabsorbs them. As a result, they naturally disappear over time.
No matter which treatment you get, you don’t need to worry about circulation because your body redirects blood flow through other nearby veins.
If you want to improve your appearance and get rid of varicose veins, call Advanced Heart & Vascular Associates, or schedule an appointment online today.