What types of vascular diseases might I develop?
Vascular disease includes conditions that develop in the arteries and veins. As a group, this includes a wide range of vascular problems, including:
- Varicose veins
- Deep vein thrombosis
- Venous insufficiency
- Peripheral artery disease
- Carotid artery disease
- Coronary artery disease
- Renal artery disease
Atherosclerosis, blood clots, injuries, and inflammation cause most of the vascular conditions in this list.
How are vascular diseases diagnosed?
Though your symptoms may point toward a specific vascular disease, the only sure way to diagnose problems in your arteries and veins is with specialized imaging procedures.
At Advanced Heart & Vascular Associates, Dr. Chadda uses several types of imaging, including vascular ultrasound, peripheral angiograms, and advanced nuclear imaging. These different techniques create images showing the structure and function of your arteries, veins, and heart.
How are vascular diseases treated?
Dr. Chadda determines the best treatment based on your diagnosis and the severity of your vascular disease. Before considering a more invasive option, Dr. Chadda begins your treatment with lifestyle changes, medications, and management of chronic health conditions.
When you have an advanced blockage, Dr. Chadda recommends one of several minimally invasive treatments. Though they represent different techniques, he does all of the following procedures using catheters inserted into the blood vessel:
Dr. Chadda uses Medtronic’s ClosureFast™ procedure to eliminate varicose veins. He guides the catheter through your vessels to the targeted veins, then ClosureFast sends out radiofrequency energy that gently heats and closes the veins.
VenaSeal, an advanced varicose vein treatment developed by Medtronic, uses a medical adhesive to seal the vein.
Angioplasty and stenting
During angioplasty, Dr. Chadda pushes the plaque against the artery wall by inflating a balloon in the tip of a catheter. Then he inserts a wire mesh stent to keep the artery open.
Conditions such as deep vein thrombosis are often treated to remove the clot, then Dr. Chadda inserts a stent to hold the vein open and prevent future blood clots.
Dr. Chadda uses a catheter with a specialized blade on the end to trim away plaque. There are several types of atherectomy. One type, a rotational atherectomy, uses a high-speed rotary shaver.
A thrombectomy is a procedure to remove a blood clot from an artery or vein using a catheter equipped with a retriever that traps the blood clot.
IVC filter placement
If you have peripheral artery disease, Dr. Chadda may place a filter in the inferior vena cava (IVC). The IVC filter collects blood clots that occur when plaque ruptures and stops the pieces from reaching your lungs, heart, or brain.
If you need expert treatment for vascular disease, call Advanced Heart & Vascular Associates, or book an appointment online.